CHARLES XII

CHARLES XII
   king of Sweden, son of Charles XI., a warlike prince; ascended the throne at the age of 15; had to cope with Denmark, Russia, and Poland combined against him; foiled the Danes at Copenhagen, the Russians at Narva, and Augustus II. of Poland at Riga; trapped in Russia, and cooped up to spend a winter there, he was, in spring 1709, attacked by Peter the Great at Pultowa and defeated, so that he had to take refuge with the Turks at Bender; here he was attacked, captured, and conveyed to Demotica, but escaping, he found his way miraculously back to Sweden, and making peace with the Czar, commenced an attack on Norway, but was killed by a musket-shot at the siege of Friedrickshall; "the last of the Swedish kings"; "his appearance, among the luxurious kings and knights of the North" at the time, Carlyle compares to "the bursting of a cataract of bombshells in a dull ballroom" (1697-1718).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Charles XII — de Suède Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XII de Suède Charles XII de Suède (Karl XII), (17  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHARLES XII — porta d’abord la Suède Finlande à son plus haut degré de puissance, pour la précipiter ensuite dans la décadence. Il infléchit vers un despotisme à l’orientale l’absolutisme qu’avait institué son père, Charles XI, dans ce pays traditionnellement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles XII — 1682 1718, king of Sweden 1697 1718. * * * Swedish Karl born June 17, 1682, Stockholm, Swed. died Nov. 30, 1718, Fredrikshald, Nor. King of Sweden (1697–1718). Son of Charles XI, he became absolute monarch at age 15. He defended his country for… …   Universalium

  • Charles XII — biographical name 1682 1718 king of Sweden (1697 1718) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Charles XII — /tʃalz/ (say chahlz) noun 1682–1718, king of Sweden 1697–1718 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Charles XII — 1682 1718, king of Sweden 1697 1718 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles XII of Sweden — Charles XII King of Sweden Grand Prince of Finland Duke of Bremen and Verden Duke of Palatinate Zweibrücken Charles XII in military uniform, David von Krafft (1706) …   Wikipedia

  • Charles XII De Suède — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XII de Suède Charles XII de Suède (Karl XII), (17  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles XII de Suede — Charles XII de Suède Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XII de Suède Charles XII de Suède (Karl XII), (17  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles xii de suède — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XII de Suède Charles XII de Suède (Karl XII), (17  …   Wikipédia en Français


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»